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§ 14-16 I may be told that his action was forced upon him. It is said similarly that his intention is to mistrust Thebes (14). But whatever his intention, his present action is to help Argos and Messene. When he thus injures Sparta, the foe of Thebes, can we believe in his kindly intentions towards Phocis (15)? No. Considering his actions, it is clear that his policy is to support Thebes and weaken Athens (16).

ἐν μέσῳ, with the Thebans in front and the Thessalians in his rear at Thermopylae. The Thessalian cavalry, 3000 strong even on a peace footing, were famous. This argument was put forward later by Aeschines (Aesch. 2. 140).

καλῶς, ironically, ‘a capital plea!’

ὑπόπτως ἔχειν, used actively, as in Dem. 19. 132 ἔχειν...ὑπόπτως πρὸς τὸν Φίλιππον.

Ἐλάτειαν, a town of great strategical importance, commanding the entrances to Phocis and Boeotia from the North. Philip carried out this ‘intention’ in 339, but not in the spirit here suggested by his apologists.

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