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τί δέ, as frequently, with a more or less unconscious ellipse, in introducing a fresh subject. To avoid attempting to define the ellipse, we may render ‘What of the T.?’ or ‘Again, as to the T.’ Cf. Lat. quid uero?, quid autem?

τοὺς τυράννους, Lycophron and Peitholaus of Pherae, expelled in 352; at the same time Philip made himself master of the Magnesian district. This he handed over to the Thessalians in 346, together with Nicaea, which he had just wrested from the Phocians. The latter was a Locrian town, of some importance as commanding the southern approach to Thermopylae.

δεκαδαρχίαν, ‘decemvirate.’ This is a much discussed term. There is no authority elsewhere for the belief that Philip ever established a single central government for Thessaly, though it is known that he set up four distinct provincial governments (τετραρχίαι), and it seems clear that in general his policy was to divide rather than to centralise power in Thessaly. Of the many explanations which have been suggested perhaps the best is that Demosthenes intentionally used the wrong word in speaking to Messenians who would remember the oligarchical decarchies set up by Lysander.

τὴν πυλαίαν, the right of presiding at Amphictyonic assemblies, of which the Thessalians had been deprived by the Phocians.

προσόδους, presumably the harbour and market dues mentioned in Dem. 1. 22.

οὐκ ἔστι ταῦτα, i.e. they could never have suspected it. Some, less naturally, take the words as a rhetorically feigned interruption from the audience—‘“Impossible!” you say.’

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