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§ 7-12 After the peace Philip's first act was to make himself master of Thermopylae and Phocis. These advantages he employed for the benefit of Thebes, not of Athens, because he was pursuing his own ends (7) and knew that Athens would never basely betray the interests of Greece to him (8), whereas Thebes would readily aid him to secure her own profit. With the same policy he is now favouring Argos and the Messenians. This is a compliment to you (9); for it shews that Philip does not believe that any consideration would bribe you to surrender the welfare of Greece. His belief in your honour and in the baseness of Argos and Thebes is justified by history (10). In the Persian Wars you refused to treat with the invaders, and earned great glory by the heroism of your resistance, while Thebes joined the Persians and Argos offered no opposition (11). So Philip assists them instead of you because his aims are such as you could not support. He can have no other reason (12).

τίνων, neuter; direct question for indirect, depending, by a slight laxity, on λογίζομαι. See Introd. § 13.

συμφέρει, present, though the main clause is past, because the interests of Thebes are still served by Philip's past choice of a policy.

πρός, ‘with an eye to,’ ‘by the standard of,’ with ἐξετάζων, ‘testing.’

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