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§ 15-17 No one is so stupid as to decide by words rather than by actions whether another is at war with him. Consider then Philip's acts. Immediately after peace was concluded, he took some of your possessions and expelled your garrisons (15). Was not this war? These were perhaps trifles, but moral principles know not of great and small. Again, take his present action in the Chersonese (16). He says that he is not at war; but I declare that by every act of interference in Megara and elsewhere he is breaking the peace. Preparations for attack are as truly war as the attack itself (17).

εὖ φρονῶν, ‘in his right mind.’

Διοπείθους, despatched to the Chersonese in charge of Athenian colonists not very long after the peace had been concluded.

ἐν Χερρονήσῳ νῦν, with ὄντων, a somewhat unusual order being adopted, apparently, for reasons of euphony.

Σέρριον, a headland on the southern coast of Thrace, west of the Hebrus, near the mouth of which Doriscus lay. If we are to distinguish the ‘Serrhian fort’ from Serrhium itself, the implication is that Philip first occupied the ground which commanded the headland, and then drove out the garrison of the fort. The exact position of the Ἱερὸν ὄρος is uncertain, but it must have been in the same district.

The imperfects are ‘narrative imperfects,’ giving a more graphic effect than aorists.

τοὺς ἐκ Σ. τείχους. The preposition, as commonly, is chosen (instead of ἐν) to suit the verb.

στρατηγός, i.e. Chares (Aesch. 2. 90).

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