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§ 56-62 In Olynthus there was a Macedonian party and an anti-Macedonian. It was the former who betrayed the cavalry and lost the city (56). In Eretria the Macedonian party won favour, the people expelled their friends (57), and Philip first set despots over them and then drove them out altogether (58). In Oreus there was a Macedonian party, opposed by Euphraeus (59): he became unpopular, and when he attempted to overthrow his opponents he was arrested as a disturber (60). The people rejoiced, the Macedonian party pursued its way unchecked, and no resistance was made till the enemy was at the gates (61). Thus the city was captured, and the traitors now enjoy supreme power, while those who supported them have been exiled or put to death (62).

Φιλίππου, possessive, ‘belonging to Philip,’ so ‘on Philip's side’: the boldness of the impersonal possessive, τοῦ βελτίστου, is softened by the fact that it follows and is parallel to the personal, Φιλίππου.

τοὺς ἱππέας, a body of 500, betrayed into Philip's hands by their own officers: cf. Dem. 19. 267.

συκοφαντοῦντες καὶ διαβάλλοντες, imperfect participles, parallel to φρονοῦντες; the article belongs to all three.

Ἀπολλωνίδην, one of the leading democrats. It appears from a speech falsely attributed to Demosthenes that he received Athenian citizenship but was afterwards deprived of it.

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