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A syllable may be long either by nature or by position:

1. By nature, if it contains a long vowel or a diphthong. E. g. “ἠχή, τευχεύσῃ”.

2. By position, if its vowel, although naturally short, is followed by two (or three) consonants or a double consonant (ζ, ξ, ψ).

φ, χ, and θ do not have the value of double consonants. E. g. in A 10, “νοῦσον ἀνὰ στρατὸν ὦρσε κακήν, ὀλέκοντο δὲ λα_οί”, the final syllable of “ἀνά” and the penult of “ὀλέκοντο” are long by “position.”

It does not matter whether the two consonants are both in the same word with the short vowel or not. One may end the word, and the other begin the next; or they may both begin the next word.

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