1. ἄρα (also found as “ἄρ᾽ , ἄρ, ῥα, ῥ᾽”), ‘as may be believed,’ ‘of course,’ ‘as it seems,’ ‘so,’ ‘then,’ etc.
2. νυ（ν), an enclitic, ‘now’ (inferential), ‘then,’ ‘pray,’ etc. Homer uses the temporal “νῦν” also.
3. κε（ν), an enclitic, equivalent to Attic “ἄν” (cf. § § 189 ff.).
Selections from Homer's Iliad, with an introduction, notes, a short Homeric grammar, and a vocabulary. Allen Rogers Benner. New York. Irvington Publishers, Inc. 1903.
The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text.
This text was converted to electronic form by professional data entry and has been proofread to a medium level of accuracy.
Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from
An XML version of this text is available for download,
with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted
changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.