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Relative Pronouns

The inflection of ὅς, , , shows the peculiarities of the first and second declensions that have already been noted.

1. For ὅο, genitive singular, see § 74.

2. ἕης for “ἧς” is read in the MSS. in 16.208.

3. τε is often found following the relative pronoun or adverb. Unless it makes the statement more general, it is apt to have no perceptible force, simply serving to fill out the meter. E. g. A 86, “ τε”. A 238, “οἵ τε”.

4. ὅς sometimes serves as a demonstrative. E. g. A 405, “ὅς ῥα”, ‘then he.’

5. The cognate adverb is ὡς, ‘as.’ Cf. § 116. When this word follows its noun and means ‘like,’ it is accented. E. g. B 190, “κακὸν ὥς”. Cf. § 37.

6. Homer uses “ὥς τε” (always two words) in the sense of ‘as’ and ‘like.’

7. The neuter or τε is often used as a conjunction, ‘that,’ ‘in that,’ ‘because’; it is then equivalent to “ὅτι” (“ὅττι”). E. g. A 120, “”, ‘that.’ A 244, “ τ᾽”(“ε”), ‘because.’ see § 40.2.

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