previous next

Thematic and Non-Thematic Forms

In some tenses of both -ω and -μι verbs the endings are attached to the stem or theme by means of a connecting vowel which may be called the thematic vowel. This vowel is ο (ω in the subjunctive) before μ and ν, and ε (η in the subjunctive) in other situations. Verbs thus formed are said to belong to the thematic inflection; while all verbforms which lack this vowel “ο”/“ε” or “ω”/“η” are said to be of the non-thematic inflection. E. g.

Thematic: “λυ_-σό-μενος, δέχ-ε-σθαι, ἄγειν” (“ἀγε” + “εν”), “ἕλ-ω-μαι”.

Non-thematic: “λέλυ-ται, ἱστά-μενος, ἔστη, ἐλυ?-σα-ο”.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: