previous next

§ 149. Themes in “-α, -ε”, or “-ο”, of which the second aorist indicative is non-thematic (i. e. the “-μι” forms “ἔβην, ἔθεμεν”, [“ἐκίχην”], “ἔγνων, ἔδομεν”, etc.) form the second aorist subjunctive by lengthening the final vowel of the theme before the endings “-ω, -ῃς, -”, etc.: “α” becomes “η; ε” becomes “ει” before “ο” and “ω”, but “η” in other situations, although some editors write it “η” always; “ο” becomes “ω”. E. g. (1) From “ἔβην” (“βα-”): “βήω, -βήῃ, -βήομεν”. (2) From “ἔθεμεν” (“θε-”): “θείω” (“θήω”), “θήῃς, θήῃ, θείομεν” (“θήομεν”), and in the middle “-θείομαι” (“-θήομαι”). (3) From [“ἐκίχην”] (“κιχε-”): “κιχείω” (“κιχήω”), “κιχείομεν” (“κιχήομεν”). (4) From “ἔγνων” (“γνο-”): “γνώω, γνώῃς, γνώῃ, γνώομεν, γνώωσι”. (5) From “ἔδομεν” (“δο-”): “δώῃ, δώομεν, δώωσι”(“ν”), also “δῷσι” and “δώῃσιν” (= “δώῃ”).

(a) Under this head belongs also the second aorist passive, e. g., of “δάμνημι, ἐδάμην” (“δαμ-ε-”): “δαμείω” (“δαμήω”), “δαμήῃς, δαμήῃ, δαμήετε”.

(b) The contracted Attic forms also sometimes appear in the text.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: