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A few important noun and adverb suffixes

1. -φιν), properly instrumental, gives the force of a genitive or dative, singular or plural. E. g. B 363, “φρήτρηφιν” (dative). B 388, “ἀμφὶ στήθεσφιν” (dative). B 794, “ναῦφιν” (genitive plural). I 618, “ἅμα δ᾽ ἠόι φαινομένηφιν” (dative singular), ‘with the appearance of dawn.’

2. -θεν signifies ‘from.’ E. g. A 195, “οὐρανόθεν”. Often it gives the force of a genitive, especially in pronouns: A 180, “σέθεν”. A 525, “ἐξ ἐμέθεν”. An adverbial example is A 247, “ἑτέρωθεν”, ‘from the other side,’ ‘over against him.’

3. -θι is a locative suffix. E. g. I 300, “κηρόθι”, ‘in the heart.’ An adverbial example is A 243, “ἔνδοθι”.

4. -ι, an old locative ending, is seen medial in “Πυλοι-γενέος” (B 54), ‘born at Pylos’; “χαμαι-εῦναι” (16.235), ‘making their beds on the ground’; and final in “οἴκοι” (A 113).

5. -δε denotes ‘whither.’ E. g. A 54, “ἀγορήνδε”, ‘to an assembly.’ A 169, “Φθι?ηνδ᾽”(“ε”). A 185, “κλισίηνδε”. An adverbial example is “ἐνθάδε” (A 367), ‘hither.’

The suffix is seen appended to a genitive, “Ἄιδόσδε” (16.856), ‘to Hades's.’

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