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The moods: peculiar Homeric uses

Homer has six distinct ways of making independent future statements. They illustrate different degrees of vividness:

1. The future indicative alone.

2. The future indicative with “κε” (or rarely “ἄν”), § 190.

3. The subjunctive (generally aorist) alone, § 191.

4. The subjunctive with “κε” or “ἄν”, § 192.

5. The optative alone, § 205.

6. The optative with “κε” or “ἄν”, § 206.

Of these the first, third, fourth, and sixth are the more common; the first and sixth alone survived in ordinary Attic Greek.

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