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[171]

[173] φεῦγε μάλ᾽α), the imperative strengthened as in l. 85, “μάλα εἰπέ.

ἐπ-έσσυται (from “ἐπι-σσεύω”), for translation see § 187; for double “ς”, § 39.

[174] εἵνεκ᾽ ἐμεῖο § 110) = Attic “ἐμοῦ ἕνεκα”.—Why πάρ᾽ and not “παρ᾽”, i. e. “πάρα” and not “παρά”? § 167.

[175] κε ... τιμήσουσι, form, § 146; syntax, § 190.

μητίετα, form, § 67.

[176] ἐσσι, form, § 136.2.

διοτρεφέων βασιλήων § 86). The poet regularly represents kings as cherished by Zeus, king of the gods, just as minstrels and harpists are in favor with the Muses and Phoebus Apollo.

[178] καρτερός, spelling, § 58.

εἰ ... ἐσσι, simple present supposition, as in Attic Greek (GG. 647).

που, ‘doubtless.’

[179] σῇς § 113), Attic σαῖς.

[180] σέθεν, where found? § 110.

[181] κοτέοντος (agreeing with “σέθεν”), ‘in your wrath.’

[182] ὡς means ‘as’; after this line a correlative clause, ‘so shall I take away Briseis,’ would be expected; but after an interruption (“τὴν μὲν ... πέμψω”), which disturbs the construction, the main thought is loosely resumed with “ἐγὼ δέ κε κτλ.” (l. 184).

ἔμ᾽ (for accent cf. l. 133), one of the two accusative objects of the verb of depriving; but compare the construction of l. 161.

[183] νηὶ ἐμῇ, ‘a ship of mine,’ the regular Attic expression also. Agamemnon had 100 ships, according to B 576.

[184] κ᾽ ἄγω, syntax, § 192.

Βρισηίδα, formation, § 158.

[185] κλισίηνδε, suffix, § 155.5.

τὸ σὸν γέρας, ‘that prize of yours.’

[186] ὅσσον, spelling, § 51.3.

σέθεν, why genitive? § 175.

καί, ‘even’ or ‘also.’

[187] ἶσον, neuter cognate accusative with “φάσθαι” (“φημί”): ‘to speak on a footing with me.’ Yet considerable freedom of speech—for princes, at least—was recognized in the Homeric assembly (cf. I 32, 33).

ὁμοιωθήμεναι § 137.1, b) ἄντην, ‘to make himself like me [‘to make himself my peer’], face to face’; the passive infinitive is apparently used reflexively here.

[188] Πηλεΐωνι, formation, § 157.—ἐν δέ οἱ κτλ., ‘and his heart in his shaggy breast.’

δέ οἱ, on the hiatus, § 61.6; syntax, § 176.

[190] ἐρυσσάμενος, original spelling, § 61.19.

παρὰ μηροῦ, ‘from the thigh,’ where the sword hung suspended in its sheath by a strap that passed probably over the right shoulder. The sword hung at the left side, so that the right hand could more easily draw it from its sheath.

[191] The four optatives in this and the following line stand in indirect questions, in the secondary sequence (after “μερμήριξεν”), for deliberative subjunctives of the original thought § 209). Achilles said to himself: “τοὺς” “μὲν ἀναστήσω” (‘shall I force these men to rise,’ with reference to a violent dismissal of the assembly); “Ἀτρεΐδην δ᾽ ἐναρίζω; ἠὲ χόλον παύσω ἐρητύσω τε θυμόν;

δ᾽έ), here and in some other places in Homer, does not imply a change of subject. What is the Attic use? See GG. 549 b.

[193] ἧος = Attic “ἕως”.

[194] ἧλθε δέ, another instance of “δέ” meaning ‘then’; see notes on ll. 58 and 137. At just the right moment, when the situation is getting more and more perplexing, the goddess appears on the scene, and the difficulty is solved. This device—the interference of a god—is common in the Attic drama (deus ex machina).

[195] οὐρανόθεν, suffix, § 155.2.

πρό, ‘forth’ or ‘forward.’—ἧκε, ἵημι.

[197] στῆ, accent, § 126.

ὄπιθεν = “ὄπισθεν”, in Attic prose.

κόμης, syntax, § 172.

[198] οἴῳ φαινομένη, ‘appearing to him alone.’

ὁρᾶτο, what is the Attic equivalent? Cf. note on l. 56.

[199] θάμβησεν, ‘was struck with wonder’; see note on “θαρσήσας”, l. 85.

[200] δεινὼ κτλ., ‘for her eyes shone terribly.’

δεινώ, adjective with adverbial force.

φάανθεν, form, § 136.8. The expression reflects Athene's epithet, “γλαυκῶπις” (l. 206).

[201] μιν, with “προσ-ηύδα” (cf. “ηὔδαε”, l. 92).

φωνήσας, ‘began’ and ‘addressed’ (“προσηύδα”). On scansion of this line see § 4.

[202] τίπτ᾽ε), form, § 48.—What is the ‘aegis’ of Zeus? See Introduction, 29.—εἰλήλουθας, ἔρχομαι.

[203] ‘Is it that you may see?’ etc.

ἴδῃ, form, § 142.1, a.

Ἀτρεΐδαο, declension, § 65.

[204] ἔκ, I will speak ‘out.’

ἐρέω, cf. l. 76.

τελέεσθαι, tense, § 151.

[205] ᾗς, form, § 113, § 71.

ἂν ... ὀλέσσῃ § 53), syntax, § 192.

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