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[422] αἰδώς, nominative used in exclamation, § 170.

θοοί, ‘quick’ for battle.

[423] δαείω, ‘learn,’ § 149 (a); formed like “δαμείω”.—Presumably Sarpedon knows that the man is not Achilles.

[424] ὅς τις ὅδε, ‘who this man is that.’

[430] κεκλήγοντες, a perfect participle (cf. “κλάζω”) inherited from the Aeolic songs. Such perfect participles, with the inflection of the present, were regular in the Aeolic dialect (Cauer, Homerkritik, pp. 38, 101).

[432] κασιγνήτην ἄλοχόν τε, Vergil's “Iovisque et soror et coniunxAen. I, 46 f.).

[433] For μοι ἐγών Plato (Republic, III, 388 C) has “αἲ αἲ ἐγών”, an expression useful as an interpretation: ‘woe, woe is me!’ i. e. to me.

μοι is a dative of the person interested; ἐγών is nominative in exclamation.

τε = ‘that.’

[434] μοῖρ᾽ά) (“ἐστι”), ‘'tis fated.’ Even Zeus himself feels subject to the decrees of fate; his only query is whether he shall delay the fulfilment.

[438] ἤδη ... δαμάσσω, ‘shall at once allow him to be slain.’

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