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[477] Presumably it is the second of his two spears that Sarpedon now uses, unless the first was recovered (l. 466). The Homeric warrior regularly carried two spears (3.18, 11.43, 16.139).

[479] ὤρνυτο, cf. note on 3.349.

[481] ἔρχαται (“ἔργω” or “ἐέργω”), § 142.4, c; literally ‘are confined.’ ‘He hit him just where the midriff is locked about the throbbing heart.’—On ἁδινόν see B 87.

[482] The second ἤριπεν) is to be translated as present, § 184.

[484] νήιον εἶναι, ‘to be a ship-timber.’

[487] ἀγέληφι, dative here, § 155.1.

[491] μενέαινε, ‘was filled with fury.’

[492] πέπον, cf. I 252.

[494] τοι ἐελδέσθω κτλ., ‘let your yearning be for grievous battle.’

[496] Σαρπηδόνος, for “ἐμεῖο”, with emphasis.

ἀμφί, § 168; the genitive with “ἀμφί” is found also 16.825, 18.20, etc.

[501] ἔχεο κρατερῶς, ‘hold out stoutly.’

502, 503. μιν ... ὀφθαλμούς, § 180.

[506] ἵππους, that had belonged to Sarpedon and Thrasymelus.

[507] ἐπεὶ λίπεν ἅρματ᾽ ἀνάκτων: either ‘since the chariot of their masters had been abandoned’ or ‘since the chariot had been bereft of its masters,’ as suggested in the scholia.

λίπεν (=“ἐλίπησαν”) in sense of “ἐλείφθησαν” is a solitary and suspicious instance of this form.

ἅρματα seems to be plural used for singular, as illustrated in 3.29, “ὀχέων”, and A 14, “στέμματ᾽”(“α”).

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