A long protasis begins here and continues through l. 121; there the construction abruptly ends. The poet neglects to supply the apodosis.
 ἥ τ᾽ ἔπλετο νείκεος ἀρχή, ‘which [i. e. the carrying off of Helen and the treasures] was the beginning of the strife.’ The relative agrees with the predicate noun; its antecedent is the general idea that has preceded, rather than any particular word or words.117, 118. Ἀτρεΐδῃσιν, indirect object of “δωσέμεν.” ἄγειν expresses purpose.—Before ἅμα δ᾽ ἀμφίς understand “εἰ δέ κεν ὑπόσχωμαι”, ‘and if I promise that at the same time we will divide the other treasures equally with the Achaeans.’ ἀμφίς means here (as 18.502, B 13) ‘into two [op posed] parts.’ The same sort of proposition for raising a siege was alluded to in 18.511; and perhaps, as a scholiast suggests, the half of the wealth of Troy is the “ποινή” which Agamemnon announced that he would fight for (3.290).
 Τρωσίν, ‘from the Trojans.’μετόπισθε, ‘afterward.’ γερούσιον ὅρκον, ‘an oath sworn by the elders’ in behalf of the people.—With “ἕλωμαι” understand “εἰ δέ κεν”.
 This verse, wanting in the best MS., Venetus A, and others, may have crept in from 18.512.
 ‘I fear I shall come and supplicate him, while he will not pity me,’ Hector's hurried way of saying, ‘I fear that when I come’ etc., ‘he will not pity me.’ With this use of the independent subjunctive with “μή”, implying fear, compare B 195, 16.128, 18.8, and GMT. 261. But according to Kühner-Gerth § 394.4, b), “μὴ ... ἵκωμαι” is a hortatory subjunctive, like “δύω”. Z 340, “ἴδωμ̓”（“αι”), X 450; the meaning then would be: ‘let me not’ or ‘I will not come and supplicate him, for he will not pity me.’
 αὔτως, ‘just as I am,’ i. e. unarmed.
 ‘By no means may I now chat with him, “beginning at the oak or rock,” as a maid and a lad gossip.’ἀπὸ δρυὸς οὐδ᾽ ἀπὸ πέτρης ὀαριζέμεναι is a gnomic expression (“παροιμία”) which seems to allude to old folk-stories (e. g. how the first men grew out of trees and rocks). A scholiast interprets it, “ληρῶδες ἀρχαιολογίας διηγεῖσθαι”, which amounts pretty nearly to ‘make silly gossip over ancient stories.’ Some prefer to interpret the words literally of a maid and a young shepherd talking ‘from an oak or rock’ where they are sitting.