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[406] καλύπτρην, see Introduction, 21.

[409] κωκυτῷ ... οἰμωγῇ, datives of manner and means, ‘were overcome with wailing and lamentation’; the former is used of the women, as the scholiast says, the latter of the men.

[410] τῷ is neuter: ‘and it was quite like to this, as if’ etc. The sense is: such cries of grief were heard as would be raised if all beetling Troy were blazing in fire from the citadel down.

[414] κόπρον, ‘dirt’ or ‘dust.’ The expression “κυλινδόμενος κατὰ κόπρον” has many ancient parallels, e. g. Jeremiah vi, 26: “O daughter of my people, gird thee with sackcloth, and wallow thyself in ashes.” Micah i, 10: “In the house of Aphrah roll thyself in the dust.”

[416] σχέσθε, ‘hold off.’

[418] λίσσωμ᾽αι), § 193.

[420] τοιόσδε, ‘such as I,’ ‘as gray as I.’

[424] τῶν, genitive of cause. Compare Hector's words to Andromache, Z 450-454.

[425] “οὗ ... ἄχος”, ‘grief for whom’ (objective genitive).

[426] ὡς ὄφελεν, what sort of wish? § 203.

[427] τῷ κε κορεσσάμεθα, ‘then we should have satisfied ourselves,’ ‘have had our fill.’

[430] ἁδινοῦ κτλ., see note on 18.316.

[431] βείομαι, probably parallel with “βέομαι”. See note on 16.852.

[435] δειδέχατ᾽ο), for the form see I 224 and 671.

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