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λοιδορούμενου ‘reviling one another.’ For the reciprocal sense, cf. Or. 54 § 40 ἐχθροὺς ἀλλήλοις. λοιδορουμένους καὶ πλύνοντας αὑτοὺς τἀπόρρητα, and Ar Ranae 857 πραόνως ἔλεγχ᾽ ἐλέγχου, λοιδορεῖσθαι δ᾽ οὐ θέμις ἄνδρας ποιητὰς ὤσπερ ἀρτοπωλίδας.

As λοιδορεῖσθαι is used in the sense of κακῶς ἀγορεύειν ἀλλήλους, so also λοιδορία sometimes occurs as an equivalent for the precise technical term κακηγορία. Hence we have in Ar. Vesp. 1207 εἶλον διώκων λοιδορίας (sc. κακηγορίας), and A thenaeus (XII 525 B) quotes from Antiphon ἐν τῷ κατ᾽ Ἀλκιβιάδου λοιδορίας, possibly meaning a speech in a δίκη κακηγορίας.

αἰκείας sc. δίκαι, of which the present case is an instance.

For the general sense of the following sentences, cf. Isocr. κατὰ Λοχίτου, Or. 20 § 8 πολλάκις ἤδη μικραὶ προφάσεις μεγάλων κακῶν αἴτιαι γεγόνασι, καὶ ..διὰ τοὺς τύπτειν τολμῶντας εἰς τοῦτ᾽ ἤδη τινὲς ὀργῆς προήχθησαν ὤστ᾽ εἰς τραύματα καὶ θανάτους καὶ φυγὰς καὶ τὰς μεγίστας συμφορὰς ἐλθεῖν.

ἵνα μηδεὶςμηδενὶ ‘to prevent anyone, when he is the weaker party, defending himself with a stone or any similar missile,’ e.g. an ὄστρακον, Lysias Or. 4 § 6. See Mahaffy's Social Greece, pp. 358—360.

τραύματος...γραφαὶ) (Lysias) Or. 6 κατ᾽ Ἀνδοκιδου § 15 ἄν τις ἀνδρὸς σῶμα τρώσῃ, κεφαλὴν πρὁσωπον χεῖρας πόδας, αὐτὸς κατὰ τοὺς νόμους τοὺς ἐξ Ἀρείου πάγου φεύξεται τὴν ἀδικηθέντος πόλιν, καὶ ἐὰν κατίῃ, ἐνδειχθεὶς θανάτῳ ζημιωθήσεται.

The fourth oration of Lysias is a very brief defence in a case of ‘malicious wounding,’ περὶ τραύματος ἐκ προνοίας. The defendant endeavours to prove the absence of πρόνοια (malice prepense), and implores the βουλὴ (ἡ̣ ἐξ Ἀρείου πάγου) to rescue him from banishment (§§ 6, 12, 20). In Aeschin. Ctesiph, § 51 a τραύματος γραφή instituted by Demosthenes is mentioned; and Demosthenes himself (Aristocr. § 24) quotes the law τὴν βουλὴν δικάζειν φόνου καὶ τραύματος ἐκ προνοίας κ.τ.λ.

τοῦ μὴ...φόνους γίγνεσθαι The genitive of a clause containing an accusative of the subject and an infinitive is often used (especially with μὴ) to denote the object or motive; the dative, the means and instrument or cause (Madvig's Greek Syntaa, § 170, and the commentators on Thuc. II 102; VI. 33; VIII 87 § 3).

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hide References (3 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (3):
    • Demosthenes, Philippic 1, 6
    • Demosthenes, Against Leptines, 8
    • Demosthenes, Against Conon, 40
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