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τῶν περιεστηκότων Aeschin. Ctesiph. § 56 ἀποκρίνομαι ἐναντίον σοι τῶν δικαστῶν καὶ τῶν ἄλλων πολιτῶν ὅσοι δὴ ἔξωθεν περιεστᾶσι, and Dem. de Cor. § 196.

What applies above to private orations of great public importance, applies mutatis mutandis to the present speech, which was probably listened to by a considerable body of citizens, besides the forty δικασταὶ before whom this case was apparently tried (see Introduction p. lxi).

καὶ εἰ μὲν εὐορκῶἔσεσθαι Quoted by Aristeides (ii 487 Rhet. Graeci, Spengel), together with the famous adjurations of the speech de Corona (§§ 1 and 141), to exemplify ἀξιοπιστία brought about by ὅρκοι and ἀρά.

ἐξώλης Or. 49 § 66; Fals. Leg. § 172 ἐξώλης ἀπολοίμην καὶ προώλης εἰ..., and in § 70 (after quoting the solemn form of imprecation used before the meetings of the βουλὴ and ἐκκλησία) the orator adds: εὔχεσθ᾽ ἐξώλη ποιεῖν αὐτὸν καὶ γένος καὶ οἰκίαν.

Ariston is here taking an oath almost as strong as that which he finds fault with in Conon; but he would probably plead that he was only swearing ‘in the customary manner,’ ὡς νόμιμον (§ 40).

διαρραγῇ sc. λέγων ὡς ἐπιορκῶ, ‘not even if Conon burst with saying that I forswear myself’— or (as we should put it)—‘say so till he bursts.’ De Cor. § 21 σὸς κοινωνὸς, οὐχ ἐμὸς, οὐδ᾽ ἂν σὺ διαρραγῇς ψευδόμενος.

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    • Demosthenes, Against Timotheus, 66
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