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[433] At the opening of the Third Book, the Trojans are represented as advancing with the clamor of a flock of cranes, while the Achaeans met them in silence.

Τρῶες: the principal subject, opposed to the Greeks. But the comparison is continued until the subj. is forgotten, and it is resumed in “Τρώων ἀλαλητός” 436. For this change of const., cf. 5.135 f., 6.510 f., 15.271 ff., 17.755 ff., Od. 13.81 ff.

ὥς τε: as. § 2 j.ὥστε”, so that, is not Homeric.

πολυπάμονος (“πάομαι”): rich in possessions, wealthy. Cf.πολυκτήμων Ε” 613. Wealth in the heroic times consisted chiefly in flocks and herds (cf. ‘chattel’ with ‘cattle’); secondarily in ornaments and clothing. Land seems to have been owned, partly in common and partly in severalty, but had no great value.

αὐλῇ: farm-yard. Cf. 5.138. For comparisons following in quick succession, see § 2 g.

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