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[439] τοὺς μέν: i.e. the Trojans.

Ἄρης: Ares was the national god of the Thracians, and came with them to the help of the Trojans. cf. 5.461 f., “οἷος δὲ βροτολοιγὸς Ἄρης πολεμόνδε μέτ-” “εισιν”,| “τῷ δὲ Φόβος φίλος υἱὸς” . . .| “ἕσπετο:” . . .| “τὼ μὲν ἄρ᾽ ἐκ Θρῄκης κτλ. Ν” 298 ff., Od. 8.361.

γλαυκῶπις: gleaming-eyed. A fitting epithet for the goddess of war. cf. “δεινὼ δέ οἱ” (i.e. Athena) “ὄσσε φάανθεν Α” 200. Her epithet “Παλλάς” belongs to her as the Lance-wielder (cf. “πάλλω, Π” 142). She is coupled with Ares also “Ε 430, Ν” 127 ff., 17.398. cf. “Υ 69, Φ” 391 ff.

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