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[457] 457-544. A succession of single-combats. The Achaeans prevail until the Trojans are roused by Apollo.

The story of the Iliad is a story of strife between individuals or of the conflicts of small groups of men, — not of the strategical movements of large masses of troops. The common soldier is of very little consequence in any way before Troy. The battle is decided by a few mighty men of valor.

πρῶτος: primus.

Ἀντίλοχος: a doughty son of Nestor, and special friend of Achilles. The youngest of the Greek leaders. cf. the words of Menelaus, “Ἀντίλοχ᾽ οὔ τις σεῖο νεώτερος ἄλλος Ἀχαιῶν, οὔτε ποσὶν θάσσων” (swifter,ταχύς”) “οὔτ᾽ ἄλκιμος ὡς σὺ μάχεσθαι Ο” 569 f. He was afterwards slain by the Aethiopian Memnon, acc. to Od. 4.187 f.

Τρώων: const. with “ἄνδρα”.

ἕλεν: took, i.e. slew. Equiv. to “ἔκτεινε, ἔπεφνε, ἐνήρατο”, and “ἐνάριζε”.

κορυστήν: equiv. to “αἰχμητής, Ε 197; ἀσπιστής, 90; ἀσπιδιώτης, Β 554; θωρηκτής, Μ” 317; Attic “ὁπλίτης”.

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