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1-453. The Achaeans press forward victoriously.

1-94. Valorous deeds of the still unwounded Diomed.

ἔνθ᾽ αὖ: but then. The transition to a new scene involves a sort of contrast with what has preceded. cf. 471, “Μ 182, Π” 477. cf. also “ἔνθ᾽ αὖτε 541, Ζ” 234.

ἔνθα: cf. 4.293.

αὖ: here nearly equiv. to “δέ”.

Παλλὰς Ἀθήνη: this goddess of war (cf. “πάλλωbrandish) had roused the Argives, 4.439, 515. She now reappears suddenly, without any information as to where she has been or what she has been doing. cf. the interpositions of Hephaestus, 23, of Aphrodite, 312, and of Apollo, 344. Athena had always cared for Tydeus (cf. 800 ff. and 4.390), and his son Diomed was one of her chief favorites.

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