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[182] ἀσπίδι: by his shield. The heroes' shields were not all alike. The shield of Agamemnon was peculiar in its bosses and in the arrangement of them (see on 4.448); that of Telamonian Ajax was of unusual size and thickness (7.219 ff.); that of Nestor was covered with gold (8.192 f.); that which Hephaestus made for Achilles was adorned with many scenes and figures (18.478 ff.). But nowhere does Homer intimate that each shield had a special device, such as was found on later shields. In the Seven against Thebes of Aeschylus, Tydeus had the full moon as a device for his shield; Hippomedon had the ‘fire-breathing Typhon’; Parthenopaeus, the Sphinx, etc.

αὐλώπιδι: prob. refers to the eyeholes in the visor of the helmet.

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