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[19] μεταμάζιον: strictly an adj. with “στῆθος”, — but half in appos. with it, since it is separated from it by the verse-pause. Equiv. to “μεταξὺ τῶν μαζῶν”. cf. “ἐπομφάλιον Η” 267 (equiv. to “ἐπ᾽ ὀμφαλῷ”), “ἐπιχθονίων Δ” 45 (equiv. to “ἐπὶ χθονί”), “ἐφέστιοι Β” 125 (which is explained by “οἳ ϝαίουσι κατὰ πτόλιν”, equiv. to “ἐφ᾽ ἑστίᾳ”). In general, ‘adjectives formed from a prep. and a subst. are equiv. to the prep. and the substantive.’ — cf. 4.480.

ὦσε: sc. by the cast of his spear. cf. 11.143, 320.

ἀφ᾽ ἵππων: equiv. to “ἐξ ὀχέων”. See on 111.

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