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[169] γράψας: cutting.γράφω” notably is used for cutting, carving, scratching (“Δ 139, Ρ” 599), and painting, as well as for writing.

ἐν πίνακι: in a tablet (‘diptych’). Two plates of wood (covered with wax, in later times, and joined by a hinge) were tied together so that the inner surfaces should not be seen by the bearer. This, rather than “γράψας”, indicates the form of an epistle.

θυμοφθόρα: life-destroying, death-bringing, i.e. directing that the bearer should be put into a place of danger.

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