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οὐκ ἔστιν...Ἀφροδίτη. Cp. Hes. Theog. 201 τῇ δ᾽ Ἔρος ὡμάρτησε καὶ Ἵμερος ἕσπετο καλὸς | γεινομένῃ τὰ πρῶτα θεῶν τ᾽ εἰς φῦλον ἰούσῃ: Orph. H. 55. 1 Οὐρανίη πολύυμνε, φιλομμειδὴς Ἀφροδίτη... (8) μῆτερ ἐρώτων.

μιᾶς οὔσης. Cp. Xen. Symp. VIII. 9 εἰ μὲν οὖν μία ἐστὶν Ἀφρ. διτταί κτλ.

τὼ θεά. Plato uses both θεός (181 C, Rep. 327 A, etc.) and θεά (Rep. 388 A, 391 C, etc.) for “goddess,” and θεά here serves to preclude confusion with Ἔρως. For the notion of a dual Aphrodite cp. Xen. l. c., Apuleius apol. 12, Plotin. Enn. III. 5. 293 B. For Aphrodite Urania, with a temple in Athens, see Hdt. I. 105, 131, etc.; Paus. I. 14. 6. See also Cic. N. D. III. 23; Pind. fr. 87.

Πάνδημον. For the temple in honour of A. Pandemos, see Paus. I. 22. 3. It is doubtful whether the title originally attached to her as the common deity of the deme, or as the patroness of the ἑταῖραι. But whatever its origin, the recognized use of the title at the close of the 5th century was to indicate Venus meretrix.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Plato, Republic, 327a
    • Plato, Republic, 388a
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