ἐν Ἤλιδι κτλ. Cp. Xen. Symp. VIII. 34, Rep. Lac. l.c., Athen. XIII. 2. The Cretan ἁρπαγμὸς παιδῶν (Laws VIII. 836) points to a similar state of things. τῆς δὲ Ἰωνίας. The genitive is taken by Hug as dependent on πολλαχοῦ, by Stallb. as dependent on ὅσοι, “vel potius ex demonstrativo ante ὅσοι intelligendo.” Hug quotes Xen. Hell. IV. 4. 16 πολλαχόσε καὶ τῆς Ἀρκαδίας ἐμβαλόντες. ὅσοι...οἰκοῦσι. The grammar is loose—“per synesin additur ὅσοι perinde ac si praecessisset ‘apud Ionas autem et multos alios’” (Stallb.). The language is most appropriate to a time after the Peace of Antalcidas (387 B.C.), when the Greeks of Asia Minor were again reduced to subjection to the Great King (see Bury, Hist. Gr. p. 552); cp. Crat. 409 E οἱ ὑπὸ τοῖς βαρβάροις οἰκοῦντες: Laws 693 A. τοῦτό γε καὶ κτλ. Strictly we should supply, with τοῦτο, τὸ χαρίζεσθαι ἐρασταῖς, but the notion latent is probably the more general one τὸ ἐρᾶν (παίδων). The palaestrae (gymnasia) were recognized as the chief seats of φιλοσοφία and παιδεραστία as well as of φιλογυμναστία. Cp. (for παιδεραστία) Ar. Nub. 973 ff., 980 αὐτὸς ἑαυτὸν προαγωγεύων τοῖς ὀφθαλμοῖς: Laws 636 B: Xen. Cyrop. II. 3. 21: Cic. Tusc. IV. 33. 70 in Graecorum gymnasiis...isti liberi et concessi sunt amores. Bene ergo Ennius: flagiti principium est nudare inter cives corpora: Plut. amat. 751 F ff. The gymnasia also served, at Athens, as headquarters of political clubs, cp. Athen. XIII. 602.
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