previous next

First Interlude

ἐκ τοῦ παραχρῆμα. For the sense subito s. ex tempore, cp. Crat. 399 D, Critias 107 E. On extempore, as opposed to premeditated orations, see Alcidamas de Soph. 3 εἰπεῖν ἐκ τοῦ παραυτίκα κτλ.

συμβάλλομαι. “This is my contribution,” with allusion to the literary ἔρανος mentioned in 177 C.

ἴσα λέγειν. This alludes to the ἴσα σχήματα (including sound-echoes etc., as well as “isokolia”) of the rhetorical τεχνῖται (see Spengel, rhet. Gr. II. pp. 436—7). We may render (after Jowett): “When Paūsănĭās had cōme tŏ ă paūse—a pretty piece of ‘isology’ I have been taught by the professors—” etc. The title οἱ σοφοί is variously applied in Plato to the Orphics (Rep. 583 B), to poets (Rep. 489 B), and, as here, to linguistic craftsmen. For σοφία as applied to etymological “puns,” cp. Crat. 396 C, D, and the use of σοφίζεσθαι (in connexion with the etymology of οὐρανός) in Rep. 509 D (see Adam's n. ad loc.). For a rhetorical repetition of the same word (παύω), see Gorg. Hel. 2 τὴν μὲν κακῶς ἀκούουσαν παῦσαι τῆς αἰτίας, τοὺς δὲ μεμφομένους...παῦσαι τῆς ἀμαθίας.

λύγγα. The Scholiast has a long note here: τὸ τοῦ λυγμοῦ σύμπτωμα ἐπιγίνεται τῷ στομάχῳ διὰ πλήρωσιν κένωσιν ψῦξιν, ἐνίοτε δὲ καὶ διὰ δῆξιν δριμέων ὑγρῶν καὶ φαρμακωδῶν ταῖς ποιότησιν...ὅταν δὲ ὑπὸ πληρώσεως λυγμὸς γένηται, ἔμετος τούτοις ἴαμα καὶ τῶν ἄκρων τρῖψις καὶ πνεύματος κατοχή. The hiccough of Aristophanes is part of the comic relief in the piece (see Introd. § II. c). For πλησμονή, as a cause of disorder, cp. 186 C n., Hippocr. de diaet. III. 72 ff.

ἐν τῇ κάτω αὐτοῦ. Sc. κλίνῃ—referring to what might jocosely be termed the clinical position of the worthy doctor. Cp. n. on ἔσχατον κατακείμενον, 175 C.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (9 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (9):
    • Plato, Republic, 489b
    • Plato, Republic, 509d
    • Plato, Republic, 583b
    • Plato, Cratylus, 396c
    • Plato, Cratylus, 399d
    • Plato, Symposium, 175c
    • Plato, Symposium, 177c
    • Plato, Symposium, 186c
    • Plato, Critias, 107e
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: