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ὁμολογησάντων κτλ. Cp. Theo. Smyrn. math. p. 15 καὶ οἱ Πυθαγορικοὶ δέ, οἷς πολλαχῇ ἕπεται Πλάτων, τὴν μουσικήν φασιν ἐναντίων συναρμογὴν καὶ τῶν πολλῶν ἕνωσιν καὶ τῶν δίχα φρονούντων συμφρόνησιν, οὐ γὰρ ῥυθμῶν μόνον καὶ μέλους συντακτικήν, ἀλλ᾽ ἁπλῶς παντὸς συστήματος: τέλος γὰρ αὐτῆς τὸ ἑνοῦν τε καὶ συναρμόζειν. For the Pythagorean ἁρμονία see Philolaus, fr. 4. 3 (R. and P. § 56) τὰ δὲ ἀνόμοια...ἀνάγκα τᾷ τοιαύτᾳ ἁρμονίᾳ συγκεκλεῖσθαι κτλ. The same notion of a cosmic ἁρμονία or ὁμολογία appears in Orph. fr. 139 τὴν Ἀφροδίτην...τάξιν καὶ ἁρμονίαν καὶ κοινωνίαν πᾶσι τοῖς ἐγκοσμίοις...( δημιουργὸς) φιλίας ἐστὶν αἴτιος τοῖς δημιουργήμασιν καὶ ὁμολογίας.

συμφωνία. Cp. Crat. 405 D περὶ τὴν ἐν τῇ ᾠδῇ ἁρμονίαν, δὴ συμφωνία καλεῖται: Rep. 430 E, 398 D, E with Adam's notes: “in its musical application συμφωνία is used both of consonance in the octave or double octave and also of other musical intervals”: “ἁρμονία ‘reconciles’ ὀξύ and βαρύ by a proper arrangement of notes of higher and lower pitch. In the wider sense, therefore, any ὁμολογία of ὀξύ and βαρύ is a ἁρμονία, but in practice the word was used specifically of certain scales or modes.”

διαφερόμενον δὲ αὖ κτλ. With the MS. text the sequence of thought is disjointed and obscure; αὖ seems out of place, and the next clause (ὥσπερ γε καὶ κτλ.) seems to imply that the possibility rather than the impossibility of harmonizing opposites is stated in the present clause (cp. Susemihl, Philol. Anz. VII. 412). Hence, rather than alter αὖ with Schanz, I prefer to read διαφερόμενον δὲ αὖ καὶ μὴ ὁμολογεῖν ἀδυνατοῦν (or ἀδύνατον) <δυνατὸν> ἁρμόσαι: this gives a proper antithesis to the clause preceding.


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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Plato, Republic, 430e
    • Plato, Cratylus, 405d
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