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νεώτατος...ἁπαλώτατος. Cp. Rep. 377 A νέῳ καὶ ἁπαλῷ ὁτῳοῦν.

ὑγρὸς τὸ εἶδος. ὑγρός, here opposed to σκληρός, is often used “de rebus lubricis, lentis, flexibilibus, mollibus” (Stallb.): cp. Theaet. 162 B τῷ δὲ δὴ νεωτέρῳ τε καὶ ὑγροτέρῳ ὄντι (opp. to σκληρῷ ὄντι) προσπαλαίειν: Pind. Pyth. I. 17 (11) δὲ (αἰετὸς) κνώσσων ὑγρὸν νῶτον αἰωρεῖ: Callistr. descript. 3 (of a bronze of Eros) ὑγρὸς μὲν ἦν ἀμοιρῶν μαλακότητος. Another sense of ὑγρός, in erotic terminology, is “melting,” “languishing,” e.g. Anth. Plan. 306 ἐπ᾽ ὄμμασιν ὑγρὰ δεδορκώς: Anacr. XXVIII. 21: and in hymn. Hom. XVIII. 33 ὑγρός is an epithet of πόθος. “Supple of form” is the best rendering here. Arist. G. A. I. 7. 3 applies ὑγρότης (τοῦ σώματος) to serpents.—περιπτύσσεσθαι is ἅπ. λεγ. in Plato, and mainly used in poetry.

συμμέτρου...ἰδέας. “Acute vidit Astius σύμμετρον referendum esse ad περιπτύσσεσθαι. Amor enim, quia potest πάντῃ περιπτύσσεσθαι, recte σύμμετρος vocatur. Itaque ne hic quidem audiendus est Orellius qui σύμμετρος legendum putabat” (Stallb., so too Rückert and Hommel). Rettig takes σύμμετρος to be merely a synonym for ὑγρός, supposing that the proof of the statement ὑγρὸς τὸ εἶδος, which was first stated negatively, is here being stated positively—“nun hängt συμμετρία mit der εὐσχημοσύνη zusammen und ebenso ὑγρότης mit συμμετρία. Vgl. Legg. VI. 773 A, Phileb. 66 B.” On the other hand Hug, supposing that συμμετρία is introduced as a new attribute distinct from ὑγρότης, follows Jahn in ejecting the words καὶ ὑγρᾶς. Rettig's view, adopted also by Teuffel, seems the most reasonable: A., with sophistical looseness, smuggles in the extra term σύμμετρος beside ὑγρός in order to secure the applicability of εὐσχημοσύνη. By συμμετρία, properly used, is meant the perfect proportion of the parts in relation to one another which results in a harmonious whole: see my Phileb. p. 176. For εὐσχημοσύνη, cp. Rep. 400 C ff.

ἐκ πάντων. Cp. Theaet. 171 B ἐξ ἁπάντων ἄρα...ἀμφισβητήσεται, “on all hands, then,...we find it disputed” (so Campbell ad loc., who observes that “this use of ἐξ has been needlessly disputed by Heindorf and others”). Ficinus seems to connect ἐκ π. with διαφ., which is possible but less probable.

χρόας δὲ κάλλος κτλ. Possibly we have here a reminiscence of some passage in poetry: χρόας...ἄνθη admits, as Hug observes, of being scanned as a “catalectic pentapody” (like Eur. Phoen. 294). In the repeated mention in these lines of ἄνθος and its compounds, we may discern an allusion to Agathon's tragedy Ἀνθεύς. Cp. Plato 32 (P. L. G. II. 311) αὐτὸς δ̓ (sc. Ἔρως) ἐν καλύκεσσιν ῥόδων πεπεδημένος ὕπνῳ | εὗδεν μειδιόων: Alcman 38 μάργος δ᾽ Ἔρως οἷα παῖς παίσδει...ἄκρ᾽ ἐπ᾽ ἄνθη καβαίνων...τῶ κυπαιρίσκω: Simon. fr. 47 ὁμιλεῖ δ᾽ ἄνθεσιν, (ὧτε) μέλισσα ξανθὸν μέλι μηδομένα: Eros, like Titania, loves “a bank where the wild thyme blows” (εὐώδης τόπος), and might echo the song “where the bee sucks, there suck I,” etc. For the negative thought ἀνανθεῖ...οὐκ ἐνίζει, cp. Philo de meretr. merc. II. 264 ἐξώροις γενομέναις (“when past the flower of their age,” sc. ταῖς ἑταίραις) οὐδεὶς ἔτι πρόσεισιν, ἀπομωρανθείσης ὥσπερ τινῶν ἀνθῶν τῆς ἀκμῆς. For εὐώδης τόπος, cp. Phaedrus 230 B. The description of Eros lying soft in Soph. Antig. 781 ff. is somewhat similar, (Ἔρως) ὃς ἐν μαλακαῖς παρειαῖς | νεανίδος ἐννυχεύεις: cp. Hor. C. IV. 13. 6 ff. (Amor) virentis...pulcris excubat in genis. Also the echo of our passage in Aristaen. Ep. II. 1.

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hide References (6 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (6):
    • Plato, Republic, 377a
    • Plato, Republic, 400c
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 162b
    • Plato, Theaetetus, 171b
    • Plato, Phaedrus, 230b
    • Sophocles, Antigone, 781
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