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Ἑρμηνεῦον κτλ. For the term ἑρμηνεύειν to describe the mediating office of δαίμονες, cp. Epin. 985 B ἑρμηνεύεσθαι (δαίμονας) πρὸς ἀλλήλους τε καὶ τοὺς...θεοὺς πάντας τε καὶ πάντα. Hommel bids us take ἑρμηνεῦον with ἀνθρ. τὰ παρὰ θεῶν (as “eiusdem atque Ἑρμῆς radicis”) and διαπορθμεῦον with θεοῖς τὰ παρ᾽ ἀνθρώπων (the office of the πορθμεύς, Charon, being “animas e terra ad sedes deorum transvehere”). This is probably right; but in any case it is a mistake to regard the two words as synonymous, as do L. and S. (s. v. διαπορθμεύω, “to translate from one tongue into another, to interpret”).

ἀμοιβὰς [τῶν θυσιῶν]. ἀμοιβή as a “return-present” (in transactions between gods and men) is used in Hom. Od. I. 318 σοὶ δ᾽ ἄξιον ἔσται ἀμοιβῆς (sc. τὸ δῶρον): ib. III. 58 ἄλλοισι δίδου χαρίεσσαν ἀμοιβὴν...ἀγακλειτῆς ἑκατόμβης: cp. Eur. Or. 467 οἷς...ἀπέδωκ᾽ ἀμοιβὰς οὐ καλάς. Pollux (VI. 187) when quoting our passage ignores τῶν θυσιῶν. Cp. also Procl. in Alcib. I. p. 46, 63: Plut. de Is. et Os. 26, p. 361 B τε Πλάτων ἑρμηνευτικὸν τὸ τοιοῦτον ὀνομάζει γένος καὶ διακονικὸν ἐν μέσῳ θεῶν καὶ ἀνθρώπων, εὐχὰς μὲν ἐκεῖ καὶ δεήσεις...ἀναπέμποντας, ἐκεῖθεν δὲ μαντεῖα δεῦρο καὶ δόσεις ἀγαθῶν φέροντας: Apuleius de deo Socr. 6 hos Graeci nomine δαίμονας nuncupant, inter homines caelicolasque vectores hinc precum inde donorum, qui ultro citro portant hinc petitiones inde suppetias, ceu quidam utrisque interpretes et salutigeri. per hos eosdem, ut Plato in symposio autumat, cuncta denuntiata et magorum varia miracula omnesque praesagiorum species reguntur: see also Plut. de or. def. 415 A; Philo Jud. de somn. p. 586 D (δαίμονες) τὰς τοῦ πατρὸς ἐπικελεύσεις τοῖς ἐκγόνοις, καὶ τὰς τῶν ἐκγόνων χρείας τῷ πατρὶ διαγγέλλουσι.

ἐν μέσῳ δὲ ὂν. This calls for no alteration (such as is suggested by Vermehren): with συμπληροῖ sc. ἀμφοτέρους. The μέσον serves as the δεσμός by which the extremes (here θνητοί and ἀθάνατοι) are united into an organic whole (ὅλον). Cp. Procl. in Alc. I. pp. 69, 72, 77.


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