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III. The Discourse of Phaedrus: 178 A-180 B.

Prologue: Eros is a great and wondrous god.

a He is wondrous in origin, being eldest of gods and unbegotten —witness what Homer and others say of him.

b He is the supreme benefactor of mankind, (1) as inspiring a high sense of honour in private, civic and military life; (2) as inspiring self-sacrifice, which wins divine favour (e.g. Alcestis and Achilles, contrasted with the cowardly Orpheus).

Epilogue: Thus Eros is most ancient, venerable, and beneficent.


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