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παρῆσθα δέ: change from the rel. to the independent construction. See on 452 d. Here, however, we must supply the pronoun (αὐτοῖς) to which λεγομένοις is a subordinate temporal partic. equiv. to ὅτε ἐλέγετο. We might translate δέ “although.”

ἐξέλεγξον ὡς κτἑ.: see on 467 a. Here, to “prove by confuting her.”

ὅπερ ἄρτι ἔλεγον: refers to 480 e οὐκοῦν κὰκεῖνα λυτέον τάδε ἀνάγκη συμβαίνειν. The transition from the personal to the material object is made much easier by the meaning of the verb ἐξέλεγξον.

μὰ τὸν κύνα: the addition of τὸν Αἰγυπτίων θεόν is a humorous allusion to the animal worship of the Egyptians. See Apol. 21 e. The omission of the art. with Αἰγυπτίων is regular.

Καλλικλῆς: the use of the proper name in contrast with the pronoun σοί, and its close connection with the address Καλλικλεις, is intended to emphasize as sharply as possible the inner conflict which must continue to rage in Callicles' soul, so long as one opinion has not decisively vanquished the other.

ἀναρμοστεῖν: applies especially to imperfection in the general harmony, while διαφωνεῖν is used of the discord between single tones. Two different principles exert their effects upon the soul.

χορηγοίην: this liturgy, which has been already mentioned in note on 472 a, was of course not possible for Socrates, and could be only for the rich. But in proportion as a victory in this kind of musical competition was looked upon as a great honor, so a failure was a great humiliation. The opt. is ideal, and to be translated “which I might conduct.”

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hide References (4 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (4):
    • Plato, Gorgias, 452d
    • Plato, Gorgias, 467a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 472a
    • Plato, Gorgias, 480e
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