: a particle related to εἶα
, not to the opt. εἴη
. It marks a conclusion and transition, and is much used by Plato.
: after εἰ μέν
the principal sent. is freq. omitted when an antithesis with εἰ δέ
follows. εὖ ἔχει
, it is well
, can generally be supplied, as Hom. A 135 f. ἀλλ᾽ εἰ μὲν δώσουσι γέρας μεγάθυμοι Ἀχαιοί
| . . . | εἰ δέ κε μὴ δώωσιν, ἐγὼ δέ κεν αὐτὸς ἕλωμαι
. Cf. 325 d
below. The connection sometimes calls for a more definite expression, as here, i.e. ταῦτα ἀναλίσκοντες
. See on 328 b
; cf. Xen. Mem.
iii. 9. 11 καὶ
) τοὺς ἄλλους πάντας ἂν μὲν αὐτοὶ ἡγῶνται ἐπίστασθαι ἐπιμελεῖσθαι
(sc. αὐτοὺς ἐπιμελουμένους
）: εἰ δὲ μή, τοῖς ἐπισταμένοις πειθομένους
, and he showed that all the rest, if they thought themselves capable of attending to a matter
(attended to it themselves
）; otherwise, they trusted those who were capable.
vii. 7. 15 εἰ μὲν σύ τι ἔχεις πρὸς ἡμᾶς λέγειν
）: εἰ δὲ μή, ἡμεῖς πρὸς σὲ ἔχομεν
. Even ἐὰν μέν
may be followed by εἰ δέ
. See GMT. 53, N. 1; 52, 1, N. 2; H. 904 a; 906 a.
: the imv. sing. is used before several vocs. when one person is prominently addressed. Cf. Euthyd.
283 b εἰπέ μοι, ἔφη, ὦ Σώκρατές τε καὶ ὑμεῖς οἱ ἄλλοι