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ἐντείνοντες: used of putting prose into metrical form, or adapting verses to musical rhythm and melody. Cf. Phaedo 60 d ἐντείνας τοὺς τοῦ Αἰσώπου λόγους καὶ τὸ εἰς τὸν Ἀπόλλω προοίμιον.

ἵνα κτἑ.: the Greeks ascribed to music the highest influence in moral culture. Cf. Rep. iii. 401 d κυριωτάτη ἐν μουσικῇ τροφή (musical training is most controlling) ὅτι μάλιστα καταδύεται εἰς τὸ ἐντὸς τῆς ψυχῆς τε ῥυθμὸς καὶ ἁρμονία καὶ ἐρρωμενέστατα (most mightily) ἅπτεται αὐτῆς.

παιδοτρίβου: the teacher of gymnastics, who trained the youth in a παλαίστρα fitted up by himself or allowed him by the state.

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