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46. τούτους ἔτι τίς ἂν διδάξειεν repeats τίς ἂνδιδάξειεν τοὺς τῶν χειροτεχνῶν υἱεῖς: and οὐ ῥᾴδιον οἶμαι εἶναιτούτων διδάσκαλον φανῆναι is a variety on οὐδ᾽ ἂν εἷς φανείη, which the οὐδέ γ᾽ ἄν of l. 42 might lead us to expect would be repeated— but the sentence is a slight anacoluthon. This is better than to take ἄν of οὐδέ γ᾽ ἄν in l. 42 with εἶναι of l. 47.

49. οὕτω δὲ ἀρετῆς. On οὕτω δέ see above, note on 318C

50. κἂν εἰ: this idiom is somewhat rare in Plato, e.g. Meno, 72C κἂν εἰ πολλαὶ καὶ παντοδαπαί εἰσιν, ἕν γέ τι εἶδος ἄπασαι ἔχουσιν: it is extremely common in Aristotle. The ἄν shows that the idiom must have arisen from cases where the apodosis contained a verb with which ἄν could go, e.g. κἂν εἰ ἀποθνῄσκοι, εὖ ἔχοι. Such cases as Symp. 185A κἂν εἴ τιςἐξαπατηθείη, καλὴ ἀπάτη, where the verb after εἰ is in the optative, preserve traces of the origin of the construction.

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