previous next

οὐ χρυσίου κτλ. Cf. VIII 547 B φύσει ὄντε πλουσίω τὰς ψυχάς and Phaedr. ad fin. πλούσιον δὲ νομίζοιμι τὸν σοφόν.

πτωχοὶ κτλ.: ‘men who are poor and an-hungered for lack of goods of their own.’ So Schneider and Bosanquet rightly explain the passage. πεινᾶν is used almost in its original etymological sense (πεῖνα from πέν-ης, πέν-ομαι): cf. Xen. Cyr. VII 5. 50 and VIII 3. 39 μακάριε σὺ τά τε ἄλλα καὶ αὐτὸ τοῦτο, ὅτι ἐκ πένητος πλούσιος γεγένησαι: πολὺ γὰρ οἴομαί σε καὶ διὰ τοῦτο ἥδιον πλουτεῖν, ὅτι πεινήσας χρημάτων πεπλούτηκας. The contrast with πλούσιοι, and the presence of πτωχοί, make it easy to catch the meaning. The translation ‘hunger after private advantages’ (D. and V., Jowett) is in my opinion incorrect.

τἀγαθόν ‘their good’ (Bosanquet), hardly ‘the chief good’ (Jowett). Not possessing any ἴδια ἀγαθά in the shape of virtue, they are fain to make up for it at the expense of the State.

περιμάχητον κτλ. For the construction cf. (with J. and C.) Phaed. 69 B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Plato, Phaedo, 69b
    • Xenophon, Cyropaedia, 7.5.50
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: