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ὑποσημαίνῃ: ‘hints at.’

χρεῶν -- ἀναδασμόν: phrases ominous of revolution to a Greek ear: see Laws 684 E, [Dem.] 24. 149 ψηφιοῦμαιοὐδὲ τῶν χρεῶν τῶν ἰδίων ἀποκοπὰς οὐδὲ γῆς ἀναδασμὸν τῆς Ἀθηναίων οὐδ᾽ οἰκιῶν (in the Heliastic oath), Isocr. Panath. 259, Arist. Pol. E 5. 1305^{a} 5 al. and Sandys on Ath. Pol. 6. 1. Cf. also Gilbert Gr. Staatsalt. II p. 279.

ἀνάγκη -- καὶ εἵρμαρται κτλ. Once more Necessity rings her knell (565 C note): the instinct of self-preservation makes the final stage inevitable. For the same reason Xenophon remarks (Hier. 7. 12, 13) that a tyrant never dare lay down his power: cf. also Periander in D. L. I 97 and the pathetic saying καλὸν μὲν εἶναι τὴν τυραννίδα χωρίον, οὐκ ἔχειν δὲ ἀπόβασιν (Plut. Sol. 14. 10). See also on 545 C and 547 A.

οὗτος κτλ. ‘This then,’ said I, ‘is the man who is guilty of sedition against the holders of property.’ γίγνεται is not ‘becomes’ (“the leader of the faction against the rich becomes that person” J. and C.), but ‘turns out to be,’ ‘is’ sc. in our argument or picture: cf. 562 A note οὗτος γίγνεται is similarly used at the end of the picture of the tyrannical man in IX 576 B. Schneider seems to suppose that στασιάζων refers to civil war (“vim et arma civilia”) such as is described in what follows, but the incidents just enumerated would certainly be called στάσις by a Greek, and οὗτος δὴγίγνεται points backward rather than forward, as is clear both from δή and from Adimantus' reply.

ἐκπεσὼν κτλ. He is transformed into a full and finished tyrant in one of two ways: either by being expelled (in course of the στάσις) and returning βίᾳ τῶν ἐχθρῶν, or else in the way described in ἐὰν δὲἀποτετελεσμένος (D). Pisistratus is not a perfect example to illustrate ἐκπεσών etc., for he had made himself a tyrant before he was expelled (Arist. Ath. Pol. 14. 3).

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