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[3] 5. κατ᾽ ἔχθος ἤδη—closely together,=κατά (‘in consequence of’) τὸ ἤδη γεγενημένον .

ἐς Ναύπακτον—the settlement proved most important to Athens in the Pel. War; they were expelled from Naupactus by Sparta at the end of it, and lived dispersed until Epaminondas befriended them in 370 B.C.

12. ἕσχον—ingressive. The possession of Megara and its ports was of the utmost value to Athens, hecause they thus blocked the roads from Pel. to Attica and Boeotia.

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