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129. 20. Δασκυλῖτιν—Dascylium in Bithynia was the capital of this province, Φρυγία ἐφ᾽ Ἑλλησπόντῳ, or κάτω Φρυγία. The Persian empire was divided into twenty satrapies.

22. καί answers τε, so that strictly we should have a second infin., but the constn. of the καί-clause is changed and made independent, as in 3.94. 3; 4.3.3; 5.61. 4.

23. ἀντεπετίθειcharged him with ... in return; Croiset compares Dem. 34.28 τὰς ἐπιστολάς ἃς ἐπεθήκαμεν. The infin. follows as with δίδωμι, as if he had said ἀντεπέστελλε.

24. ἁποδεῖξαι—i.e to show to Pausanias, through the messenger, the great king's seal on the letter.

25. ἑαυτοῦβασιλέως.

2. τῶν ἀνδρῶν ... κείσεταί σοι εὐεργεσία—lit. in connexion with the men ... a service is set down to you in the record for ever. τῶν ἀνδρῶν is objective gen; εύεργεσία is the service rendered by Pausanias (not, as Mr. Forbes supposes, due to him). The benefactors of the Great King were recorded in a chronicle, Herod. 8.33. κεῖται is the pass. of κατέθετο, c. 128. 4. Pausanias had established a right to consideration for himself and his descendants.

[3] 6. ἀρέσκομαι—not the Ionic use of e. 35. 2.

μήτε νὺξ μήθ᾽ ἡμέρα—this and χρυσοῦ καὶ ἀργύρου δαπάνῃ are quite in the Persian style: we can hardly doubt that the letter is substantially genuine.

9. κεκωλύσθω—se. ὧν ἐμοὶ ὑπισχνεῖ τι. The 3rd pers. is awkward, and κεκώλυσο has been proposed.

12. κάλλιστα καὶ ἄριστα—cf. Xen. Anab. 3.1.6 ἑπήρετο τίνι ἂν θύων κάλλιστα καὶ ἄριστα ἔλθοι.

19. σκευὰς Μηδικάς—the dress was the κάνδυς, a long robe with long broad sleeves over a short tunic, ἀναξυρίδες, trousers, and τιάρα, head-dress; also bracelets (ψέλια) and necklaces (στρεπτοί).

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hide References (8 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (8):
    • Demosthenes, Against Phormio, 28
    • Herodotus, Histories, 8.33
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.128.4
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.35.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 3.94.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 4.3.3
    • Thucydides, Histories, 5.61.4
    • Xenophon, Anabasis, 3.1.6
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