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[2] 17. ἐγγύτατα—superlative of ἐγγύς. Cf. prope and propius.

18. μεταχειρίσαι—Thuc., like Herod., uses the act. of this word, whereas other authors use mid.

19. καὶ ... ναυπηγηθῆναι καί = and in fact, the building of a trireme marking a climax in naval affairs (τὰ περὶ τὰς ναῦς).

τῆς Ἑλλάδος goes with πρῶτον: cf. 2.18 ἀφίκετο τῆς Ἀττικῆς ἐς Οἰνόην πρῶτον. Hdt. 1.163 πρώτῃ δὲ Φωκαίῃ Ἰωνιης επεχείρησε.—The τετρήρης made its appearance in the second half of the fourth cent., and was the normal type of ship in the hellenistic period. It is not likely that it had four banks of oars.

22. ναῦς—whether these were triremes or not does not appear.

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