1. τὴν πόλιν
2. αἰεὶ δή ποτε
—as δή ποτε
means in the past
(frequent in tragedy), so αἰεὶ δή ποτε
= always in the past, i.e. ‘from the earliest times.’
3. τῶν Ἑλλήνων ... ἐπιμισγόντων
—two points are made: (1) the early commerce of the Greeks was carried on mainly by land, (2) the Isthmus was on the high-road between οἱ ἐντός
and οἱ ἔξω Π
. The sentence would be much clearer with a partic. like πορευομένων
, as proposed by Steup, after Ἑλλήνων
, so that τε
would mean and.
—we have only one instance, Il. 2.570.
9. μᾶλλον ἔπλῳζον
—cf. c. 8. 2
—the ships referred to in 13.2
. These enabled Greece to extinguish piracy, and thus to further her commerce; and the outcome of that, it is implied, was the formation of a considerable fleet.
, in both ways,
i.e. as the context shows, by sea and land. ἀμφότερα
and κατ᾽ ἀμφότερα
do not of themselves mean on both elements,
but show the same accus. as τοῦτον τὸν τρόπον
, and κατὰ πολλοὺς τρόπους
. It is the context that gives the special meaning.