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[3] 26. ὁμαιχμία—used hy Herod. and late writers; the adj. ὅμαιχμος in iii. 58. 4.

27. διενεχθέντες—open war in 457 B.C., dispute in 461 B.C. See c. 102. ἐπολέμησαν—till the thirty years' truce 445 B.C. See c. 107.

4. ἤδη ἐχώρουνnow regularly joined these states—i e. entered the alliance of Athens or Sparta. Contrast the earlier state of affairs, c. 15. 2 οὐ γὰρ ξυνειστήκεσαν κτλ,

5. τὰ μὲν σπενδόμενοι—this should mean now making truces; but we certainly expect ‘being now at peace.’ In the previous sentences Thuc. has described the state of affairs (a) from the battle of Salamis to 457 B.C., (b) from 457 onwards. Now during period (a) Athens and Sparta were at peace; but from 466 disputes began between Athens and her allies. During period (b) Athens and Sparta might be said to be ‘making truces’ (450, 445 B C.) or making war. The ὥστε therefore seems to refer to what happened from 466 onwards; but ἀπὸ τῶν Μηδικῶν—the war with Xerxes to the battle of Plataea (or Mycale) does not agree with this. There is a want of precision in the passage.

7. εὖ παρεσκευάσαντο τὰ πολέμια—ef. Arist. Ath. Pol. 23 of the Athenians, συνέβη τὰ εὶς τὸν πόλεμον ἀσκῆσαι. τὰ πολέμια in the sense of τὰ πολεμικά is found in Herod. and Hippocrates; Xen. Anab. 1.6.1; Arist. Ath. Pol. c. 3 and 23.

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