26. καταστάντες —καθίστημι
means frequently ‘put into a (settled) state,’ with ἐς
: the intrans. ‘settle down.’ As the ships were motionless, a regular
pitched battle was fought.
—the famous manœuvre consisted of ‘rowing through the intervals of the enemy's linc, and thus getting in their rear, ... and before the ship of the adversary could change its position, of striking it either in the stern, or in some weak part’ (Grote). It is first heard of in Hdt. 6.12
5. μάχης ... ἦρχον
—take the aggressive.
: cf. Xen. Anab. 2.1.6 πέλται καἱ ἅμαξαι ἦσαν φέρεσθαι ἔρημοι
]—this joins the whole clause οἱ Κορινθιοι ... ἡσσῶντο
to the second. It is scarcely necessary to bracket it.
18. ἀπὸ ἐλάσσονος πλήθους
—compare the total numbers, c. 46. 1
; 47. 1
: better than ἐγένετο
—the completion is first alluded to in c. 50. 1
—decidedly. τότε δή
introduces the decisive act.
—impers., ‘things came to such a pass.’