—constituting matters of dispute leading to war.
2. πρασσόντων ὅπως
—forming plans of.
7. φόρου ὑποτελεῖς
8. τὸ ἐς Παλλήνην
— i.e. the southern wall (see map), so that Potidaea would be accessible from the sea.
10. ἐπιδημιουργούς —δημιουργός
is known from inscriptions to be the title of magistrates in many Dorian cities. ἐπι-
would mean chief magistrates exercising some sort of general supervision.
—Perdiccas II. of Macedon, son of Alexander the Philhellene. His shifty policy gave Athens much trouble in the Pel. War. Before 432 he was in alliance with Athens; but he presently encouraged Potidaea to revolt because Athens was in alliance with his brother Philip and his cousin Derdas. In 431 he was reconciled for a time to Athens.
14. ἐπὶ Θρᾴκης
—prop. ‘in the direction of Thrace,’ the regular way of referring collectively to the Greek cities on the coast of Thrace, esp. Chalcidice.