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The first hostile acts of the Lacedaemonians against the Mantineans in consequence of their alliance with the Argives.

τῆς Ἀρκαδίας: stands first as in iii. 19. 6, τῆς Καρίας, and freq.—Παρρασίους: an old Pelasgic tribe the capital of which, Parrhasia, is mentioned in Il. B 608. They dwelt at the base of Mt. Lycaeum toward the southeast. See Curtius, Pelop. I. p. 279; Bursian, II. p. 225 and 235.

ἐπικαλεσαμένων: τῶν Παρρασίων, Schol. On the gen., see GMT. 110, 1, N. 5; H. 972 d.

σφᾶς: τοὺς Λακεδαιμονίους, Schol.—τὸ ἐν Κυψέλοις τεῖχος: its exact position is now unknown. Curtius, Pelop. I. p. 340; Bursian, II. p. 243.—ἀναιρήσοντες: cf. c. 77. 5, καὶ τὸ τεῖχος ἀναιροῦντας; viii. 24. 7. Therefore not to be changed (with Meineke) to καθαιρήσοντες.

τῇ Σκιρίτιδι : the mountainous region between the upper Eurotas and the valley of the Oenus, one of the most important districts inhabited by Laconian perioeci. See Curtius, Pelop. II. p. 263. ἐπὶ τῇ Σκιρίτιδι, i.e. threatening the border. Cf. c. 51. 4; iii. 16. 4, τὸ ἐπὶ Λέσβῳ ναυτικόν; iv. 14. 29, ἔμενον ἐπὶ τῇ Πύλῳ.

τὴν πόλιν: i.e. their own city, Mantinea.

τὴν ξυμμαχίαν: the region under their supremacy and protection. Cf. iv. 118. 17 and 27; viii. 44. 5; ἣν ὑπήκοον κατεστρέψαντο, c. 29. 4.

τὰς ἐν Παρρασίοις πόλεις: the names of none of these can be given with certainty. Curtius, Pelop. I. p. 340; Bursian, II. p. 241.

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