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The disposition of the troops on both sides.

τότε δέ: the narrative is resumed after the digression of c. 66. § 3 f.— 2. κέρας εὐώνυμον: stands as pred. with καθίσταντο: as the left wing. The dat. αὐτοῖς is acc. to the usage of c. 44. 6; 57. 2.—Σκιρῖται: λόχος Λακωνικὸς οὕτω λεγόμενος, Schol. The Sciritae inhabited the rough hilly country toward the borders of the Tegean territory (Curtius, Pelopon. H. p. 217). On their precedence in the Lacedaemonian army, cf. Xen. Cyr. iv. 2. 1; Rep. Lac. 12. 3; 13. 6. This is the only passage which records that the position on the left wing was their special privilege (ἐπὶ σφῶν αὐτῶν for themselves alone; see on ii. 63. 10).— 4. οἱ ἐπὶ Θρᾴκης Βρασίδειοι: cf. c. 35. 21. This had apparently become the usual designation for the soldiers who had served in Thrace with Brasidas, though the expression in c. 34. 1, τῶν ἀπὸ Θρᾴκης μετὰ Βρασίδου ἐξελθόντων στρατιωτῶν was at this time more accurate, for ἐπί cannot properly be used of them after their return to Greece. Still, it seems that this prep. had become part of their designation, so that a change to ἀπό (Haase followed by v. Herwerden and St.) or ἐκ (Cobet, Mnem. 14, p. 11) is not advisable.

νεοδαμώδεις: see on c. 34. 6.

παρ᾽ αὐτούς: no less admissible than παρ᾽ αὐτοῖς, as in 4. Cf. ii. 2. 28; τίθεσθαι παρ᾽ αὑτοὺς τὰ ὅπλα; vi. 67. 17. But it is not necessary to change αὐτοῖς above to αὐτούς (St. and Badham).

Ἀρκάδων Ἡραιῆς: part. gen. as in i. 27. 11, Παλῆς Κεφαλλήνων. The men of Heraea, which was situated in the valley of the Alpheus between the confined mountain territory of Arcadia and the open country of the Elean coast. Curtius, Pelopon. I. p. 363 f. It had attained importance through the union of nine communities at the instance of King Cleombrotus (Strab. viii. 3. 2); hence, probably, the honourable position of the Heraeans beside the Lacedaemonians.—Μαινάλιοι: from the Areadian district Maenalia. Cf. c. 64. 7.

οἱ δ᾽ ἐναντίοι: the nom. of the whole with the parts in the same case. Cf. i. 89. 18; ii. 65. 3; iii. 32. 2. G. 137. N. 2; H. 624 d.

τὸ ἔργον: the action. Cf. i. 105. 24; ii. 89. 42; iv. 25. 9.— 13. Ἀρκάδων: from Arcadia, as in c. 64. 7.—Ἀργείων οἱ χίλιοι λογάδες κτἑ.: this institution is further described by Diod. Sic. xii. 75. 77: ἀπολύσαντες αὐτοὺς καὶ τῆς ἄλλης λειτουργίας καὶ τροφὰς δημοσίας χορηγοῦντες προσέταξαν γυμνάζεσθαι συνεχεῖς μελέτας. Arist. Pol. v. 4. p. 1304 tells of its political results.

ἐκ πολλοῦ: to be explained with the help of Diod.'s συνεχεῖς μελέται: for a long time, i.e. from their youth up. Cf. c. 69. 19.

Κλεωναῖοι καὶ Ὀρνεᾶται: Cleonae and Orneae were on the northern border of Argolis, toward Phlius and Corinth. As allies of Argos they were among the ξύμμαχοι ὧν ἄρχουσι. Cf. c. 47. 3.

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