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Mantinea joins the Lacedaemonian alliance. Oligarchies are established at Sicyon and Argos. ἀπόστασιν ἐκ τῆς ξυμμαχίας: i.e. ἀπὸ τῶν Ἀθηναίων. οὐ δυνάμενοι : sc. ἀντέχειν. τὴν ἀρχὴν ἀφεῖσαν τῶν πόλεων : some of these cities had been subject to them before they joined the Argive alliance (see c. 29. 3); and they had extended their power since that time. See c. 33. 3 and 10; 62. 1. They were obliged to give up their sovereignty in compliance with the provision of the treaty in c. 79. 3 ff., ταὶ δὲ πόλιες κοινανεόντων τᾶν σπονδᾶν καὶ τᾶς ξυμμαχίας αὐτόνομοι καὶ αὐτοπόλιες κτἑ. Λακεδαιμόνιοι καὶ Ἀργείοι, αὐτοὶ οἱ Λακεδαιμόνιοι, ξυναμφότεροι: the subj. changes from the whole to one of its parts and back again to the whole within the same period. Cf. c. 10. 47 ff. ἐς ὀλίγους: this is Thuc.'s regular expression for an oligarchy. Cf. viii. 53. 22; 89. 18, and see on ii. 37. 2; viii. 38. 11.—μᾶλλον: i.e. μᾶλλον ἢ πρότερον, intimating that the Sicyonian government was not thoroughly democratic before. κατέλυσαν: cf. c. 76. 6. Diod. xii. 80. 42 reports that this revolution was not accomplished without bloodshed: συλλαβόντες τοὺς δημαγωγεῖν εἰωθότας ἀπέκτειναν. ἐπιτήδεια τοῖς Λακεδαιμονίοις : cf. i. 19. 1, καὶ οἱ μὲν Λακεδαιμόνιοι οὐχ ὑποτελεῖς ἔχοντες φόρου τοὺς ξυμμάχους ἡγοῦντο, κατ᾽ ὀλιγαρχίαν δὲ σφίσιν αὐτοῖς μόνον ἐπιτηδείως ὅπως πολιτεύσουσι θεραπεύοντες.
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