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γὰρ: this introduces the reason for the unexpressed denial, equiv. to οὐκ ἂν δεξαίμεθα: οὐ γάρ. Cf. c. 97. 1; 99. 1.

ὅσον φιλία...δηλούμενον : the simple expression φιλία (opp. to ἔχθρα) is developed, by the addition of the reasons for the assertion that the friendship of the Melians is worse than their enmity, into an ungrammatical form of sent. which is inadmissible in English. This complex expression is equiv. to two independent clauses: “your hostility does not injure us so much as your friendship; for your friendship appears to our subjects a proof of our weakness, whereas your hostility seems to them a proof of our power.”

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